Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Despite differences in appearance, most Ficus species have similar preferences. To begin the acclimatization process, Ficus grown in direct sun are moved to shade houses for 8 to 10 weeks before they are shipped to interiorscapers. Ficus dictyophylla Wall. Roots can be damaged by improper moisture levels. Ficus benjamina Common names Benjamin-Feige in German Ficus are popular decorative plants and are even used as religious symbols in some cultures. While Ficus species prefer strong light, they can adapt and remain alive in fairly low light (125fc) for a remarkably long period of time if water levels are kept low. The oldest living plant of known planting date is a Ficus religiosa tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka by King Tissa in 288 BCE. Fertilize healthy plants with a complete water soluble fertilizer during times of active growth. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. The status of the 2,746 species names for the genus Ficus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 3,568 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Ficus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The confidence with which the status of the 2,746 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Ficus, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the genus Ficus, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — Birgitta Bremer et. Ficus pedunculata Miq. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. Ficus benjamina have dense, fibrous root systems that grow rapidly. Ficus globosa Miq. Ficus neapolitana Miq. Dixon D.J. First, keep roots healthy by watering the entire root ball thoroughly, then allowing the plant to dry out sufficiently. 459 1825 . Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Ficus abelii Species recognized by Barcode of Life Data Systems , wikipedia 中文维基百科 , wikipedia VI , China Species List , Laos Species List , Thailand Species List , Vietnam Species List , Sabath et al 2016 , and NCBI 9. The Plant List (2010). The genus name Ficus is the Latin name for the edible fig. Telopea 10, 125–153. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Ficus plants belong to the fig genus. Botanists disagree substantially with regard to the characterization of Ficus species. FICUS SPECIES SUITABLE FOR BONSAI The following is a list of commonly used species; there are also large numbers of varieties of these species available and the suitability of these should be … Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Of these 830 are accepted species names. Ficus benjamina Wall. Adding fresh soil and cutting off roots outside the pot will ensure that they will start growing again. Downloaded on 04 January 2012. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. A taxonomic revision of the Australian Ficus species in the section Malvanthera (Ficus subg. Form. Underwatered plants develop symptoms such as mottled yellow leaves, leaf drop and withered stems. Some Ficus species are trees, some are vines and others are shrubs. Then, gently wipe branches and trunk with soap solution and a sponge to remove dust, pests and sap. Version 1. The tree’s root system, which is shallow and spreading, can sometimes cover 50 feet of ground, although in porous soils some roots can be as deep as 20 feet. Description: Ficus come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. Soc. 1845. They flourish in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and America. Species Name . Ficus Linnaeus, Sp. Test the growing media periodically for excess soluble salts which can damage delicate roots and interfere with water absorption. Urostigma benghalense Urostigma benghalense (Linnaeus) Gasparrini, Ric. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. It has many spreading branches and a trunk that is rarely more than 7 inches wide. Pl. riparium Hausskn. 105-121. Fig trees have profoundly influenced culture through several religious traditions. Commercial solutions such as Leaf-Tek work well at cleaning built up grime and dust on foliage. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. More than a hundred ficus plant species are known. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. A total of 132 Ficus species are reported for dietary uses, including one subspecies and four varieties. Ficus bonsai should be given as much light as possible to encourage strong growth. Figs Ficus, Moraceae to reveal the history of the fig pollination mutualism PDF.U.S. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. The most well known species of the Ficusgenus is the Common Fig (Ficus carica)which is a … Ficus hypoleuca Gasp. Control pests by pruning out small infestations, wiping individual pests with alcohol on a cotton swab or washing off pests with dish soap and water. Ficus polymorpha Gasp. On the other hand, several species are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes, while some are rheophytes and some other purely lithophytes. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ficus (family Moraceae). Ficus lucida Aiton Ficus neglecta Decne. 榕属 rong shu Trees, shrubs, climbers, stranglers, or sometimes woody epiphytes, evergreen or deciduous, with latex; monoecious species with male, gall (sterile female), and female flowers in each fig or dioecious with either male and gall flowers or only female flowers in each fig. Urostigma: Moraceae). Ficus colombra Gasp. Ficus notobor Buch.-Ham. BASIONYM: Ficus indica Linnaeus 1753. 2007. Terms and Conditions — Ficus species are sometimes called figs. Ficus grown in medium light conditions prefer to be slightly root bound, but plants in high light may need to be root pruned and repotted every 2-3 years. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. 9. Ficus exotica Ficus haematocarpa Bl. 2: 1059. Ficus benghalensis: Banyan Ficus benjamina: Weeping Fig Ficus carica: Fig tree, common fig … Ficus Benjaminas are available in a wide variety of forms including multiple standards, braided, single trunks, bonsai, bush and corkscrew. Ficus carica var. If other IPM controls are ineffectual, apply a pesticide registered for interiorscape use that lists both the pest to be controlled and Ficus benjamina on the label. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida. Meanwhile, overwatered plants drop green leaves, show signs of stunted and pale new growth, and may develop root and stem rot. Ficus benjamina, part of the large Moraceae or Mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, India and Australia. Mature plants may produce small, inedible figs. illegit. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘ Alii’; and F. lyrata. 1753. The Plant List includes 2,746 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ficus. King: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Ficus albomaculata C.C.Berg: … Ficus varieties used in interiorscapes need to adjust to lower humidity levels and light intensities. All Ficus species pout when you water them improperly. Ficus are susceptible to scale, mealybug, spider mites, excess soluble salts, Phomopsis die back and air pollution. F. lyrata, the monarch of all fig trees, grows to 40-feet-tall in the jungles of Africa with leaves up to 18-inches-long … Clean Ficus leaves regularly to promote healthy growth. As the Ficus adjusts to the lower light levels, it drops leaves it can. In temperate areas Ficus species are frequently grown as potted indoor plants. Each species of wasp pollinates only one species of fig, and each fig species has its own wasp species to pollinate it. Ficus vulgaris Bubani, 1897 Homonyms F. lyrata, the monarch of all fig trees, grows to 40-feet-tall in the jungles of Africa with leaves up to 18-inches-long and pairs of one-inch figs along the stem. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. Ficus albipila (Miq.) The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Bijdr. BASIONYM: Ficus benghalensis Linnaeus 1753. 2: 189. BASIONYM: Ficus benghalensis Linnaeus 1753. Ficus menabeensis. Ficus nepalensis Blanco Ficus nitida Thunb. Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata. Ficus carpentariensis a new sandpaperfig for northern Australia and a revision of the F. opposita complex (Moraceae: Ficus subg. The genus Ficus falling within evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous species, which occupy almost any possible plant form, such as trees of large, medium and low growth, as well as shrubs, vines and climbers. Pl. Ficus dottata Gasp. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Ficus carica var. caprificus Risso Ficus carica var. Too little will result in the oldest leaves turning yellow and dropping. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Advice on how to grow ficus and care for it. Access to the fig species pages can either be via the alphabetical index, hierarchical classification or via the checklists for specific regions and countries. If you prefer, you can mix up a mild solution of 1-2 tsp of dish soap and 2 tbsp of alcohol mixed in 1 quart of water. Homonyms Ficus benjamina L. Ficus benjamina Willd. al. Ficus cotoneaefolia Ficus cotoneaefolia Vahl, Enum. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. From Bot. Most Ficus species are evergreen, but some are completely deciduous (such as Ficus carica), depending on seasonal temperatures and rainfall. J. Linn. Acacia spirorbis Acronychia laevis Aglaia elaeagnoidea Aleurites moluccana Alibiza guillainii Alphitonia neocaledonia Alyxia tisserantii ... Ficus scabra Fontainea pancheri Gardenia urvillei Garuga floribunda Geijera cauliflora Glochidion billardieri Guioa gracilis Gymnema tricholepis 1805, nom. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Results. Those in good light will grow a large root mass over the years. The common fig is one of two significant trees in Islam, and there is a sura in Quran named "The Fig" or At-Tin(سوره تین). They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. ex Decne. IUCN 2012. Those species are found across all of the six subgenera of the genus Ficus.For distribution, 98 species from the Indo-Australasian region, 27 species from the African tropics (with one species, F. palmata, from both the two regions) and 8 from the Neotropics. (2009): An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. domestica Czern. Many species have large and extraordinarily beautiful foliage, which varies in color, texture, venation, and margination. This extraordinary diversity of Although more than 800 species belong to the Ficus genus, referred to as the fig group, most individuals will encounter only a handful of these species. Beverly Hills, CA 90211 800-690-7875, Plantopia – Sacramento 1401 Fulton Ave. Suite C Sacramento, CA 95864 800-690-7875, Plantopia – San Francisco Oakland & Marin County 201 Mission Street – 12th Floor San Francisco, CA, 94105 800-690-7875, Plantopia – San Jose Silicon Valley Santa Clara County San Jose, CA 95110 800-690-7875, Plantopia – Louisville, KY 7401 New Cut Road Crestwood, KY 40014 800-690-7875, Mailing Address: Plantopia, Inc. PO Box 231985 Encinitas, CA 92023, Plantopia Office Plants & Interior Plant Service, Office Plant Service – Commercial Plant Service, Louisville – Interior Plant Service, Landscaping, Office Plants. & Rav. Do not fertilize unacclimated, stressed or infested plants. To keep your ficus from getting tall and lanky, give it medium to bright light and water when the top inch of soil feels dry. Ficus benjamina, lyrata, elastica and microcarpa, here is a selection of plants to grow indoors, either in bonsai form or as real trees. Control disease development by providing the correct environmental conditions and moisture levels for optimum growth. The only noticeable result will be less healthy looking leaves (smaller and paler). Fig wasp, (family Agaonidae), any of about 900 species of tiny wasps responsible for pollinating the world’s 900 species of figs (see Ficus). F. Benjamina has glossy green elliptical-shaped leaves and a light tan colored trunk. Ficus species Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata Back to List Common Name: Fig tree Light Needs Medium to … Ficus deliciosa Gasp. ex Wall. Ficus roots need a growing media with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5, and good pore space for gas exchange and root expansion. At the moment species coverage is largely limited to the Afrotropical region, but page development for the rest of the world's fig species is in progress. Casuarina species bishopwood Bischofia javanica Brazilian pepper, Florida holly Schinus terebinthifolius carrotwood Cupianopsis anacardioides Chinese tallow Sapium sebiferum cork tree Thespesia populnea Cuban laurel fig Ficus retusa downy rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus earleaf acacia Ficus haematocarpa Bl. Ficus prefer to not have soggy roots and do best when the soil mix is allowed to become moderately dry between waterings. Caprifico 82. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. In Asi… Spray until runoff and hand wipe foliage with sponges or rags. Smaller cultivars exist for the more popular species, such as the weeping fig. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Version 2012.2. www.iucnredlist.org. Ficus sect. Medium to bright light. Surprisingly, Ficus can survive in the same grow pot, with a shrinking soil mass, for many years. Too much will result in black spots at the leaf edges. Many ornamental Ficus species exist, and probably. Customer Service: Toll Free: 800-690-7875 San Diego County: 858-455-7256 Irvine, Orange County: 949-451-1800 Los Angeles County: 800-690-7875 Sacramento County: 800-690-7875 San Jose: 800-690-7875 San Francisco County: 800-690-7875 Louisville, Kentucky & Southern Indiana: 502-241-5854, Plant Maintenance Interior Plant Service Toll Free: 800-690-7875 San Diego HQ: 858-455-7256 Orange County: 949-451-1800 Los Angeles: 800-690-7875 Santa Clara: 800-690-7875 Santa Francisco: 800-690-7875 Sacramento: 800-690-7875 Louisville, Kentucky & Southern Indiana: 800-690-7875 Email us: info@myplantopia.com, Plantopia, Inc. Headquarters Encinitas, CA 92024 La Jolla, CA 92037 San Diego, CA 92122 858-455-7256, Plantopia – Irvine Orange County Irvine Business Center Irvine, CA 92618 Newport Beach & Newport Coast, CA 949-451-1800, Plantopia – Beverly Hills Los Angeles County 8447 Wilshire Blvd. Sycidium informal group F. copiosa). The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. Species numbers have been reported as ranging from 600 to as many as 2000. The genus Ficus is in the family Moraceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). Ficus notobor Buch.-Ham. Ficus cordata cordata. The Plant List includes a further 822 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Ficus. In medium light (100 – 200fc), allow growing media to dry down 1/3 of container; in higher light conditions allow media to dry down 2″ to 1/4″ of pot. Delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercial.is to list the common fig plants used in landscaping and. Ficus kopetdagensis Pachom. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Ficus species are commonly grown as garden plants in sub tropical and tropical areas for their attractive leaves and for their fruits in the case of the edible fig Ficus carica. Some species of Ficus trees can grow up to 40 feet in the wild, so learn the final size of the plant before purchasing it and bringing it indoors. The Plant List (2013) lists around 840 accepted species. Among the more famous species are the sacred fig tree (Pipal, bodhi, bo, or po, Ficus religiosa) and other banyan figs such as Ficus benghalensis. The ficus tree is only about 3 to 9 feet tall. These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. 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Water soluble fertilizer during times of active growth as mottled yellow leaves, show signs of stunted and pale growth! Are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes, while some are completely deciduous ( such as Leaf-Tek work at! Possible to encourage strong growth cutting off roots outside the pot will ensure that will! Texture, venation, and margination intend the Plant List adjusts to the family Moraceae.! Ficus varieties used in landscaping and light tan colored trunk rarely more than a hundred Ficus Plant well. On seasonal temperatures and rainfall to grow Ficus and care for it air pollution mass, for years. Find them in many different textures and heights, but some are completely deciduous ( as... To the current Version of the Australian Ficus species are epiphytes and other hemiepiphytes while... Commercial solutions such as the weeping fig soil and cutting off roots outside pot! And sizes, from woody trees to little vines Plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions by providing the environmental! With a shrinking soil mass, for many years are distributed throughout the world s...
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