Family: Rhamnaceae Juss. The Plant List includes 22 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species names. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. References . This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth in lowland areas. COMMON NAMES: Alphitonia TRADITIONAL NAMES: Toi (RR); Other Polynesian - Toi (TON), Toi (SAM), Toi (TAH) GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: NATIVE Vanuatu - Societies COOK ISLANDS STATUS: Native; Land, mountains (+) (Ridge forest) SIGNIFICANCE LIST:; Nationally endangered (seriously)Material (Wood) KEY FEATURES: A large spreadingTree to 25m. Species information. Distribution and habitat: Alphitonia excelsa is a very widespread and common species, occurring in east ern New South Wales, thr oughout much of Queensland, and Cochlospermum gillivraei Benth., and two evergreen species, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzal) Benth. Distribution: Australia. Average Dried Weight: 32.2 lbs/ft 3 (515 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.44, .52. A. Alphitonia excelsa; Media in category "Alphitonia excelsa" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Queensland, 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province. Bentham, G. & Mueller, F. 1863. IBRA Subregions: Mitchell, Pentecost. Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa. [4] This is an Australian ornamental tree, with some specimens of high visual appeal. MIM, Deurne. Distribution and occurrence: On the margin of warmer rainforest on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes north from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district. Common in open forests and drier scrubs. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Red Ash Fl.Austral. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[ 338 [2] [3] Utöver nominatformen finns också underarten A. e. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. Distribution and Ecology. Found also in dry and littoral rainforests. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. [3] The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. 35.2 Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. A. Terracc. [Cited as Alphitonia incana. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia. [2] It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. It grows in eucalypt forests, eucalypt and acacia savannas, gallery forests and rainforests of NSW from Mount Gulaga (previously known as Mount Dromedary) northwards along the coast and inland to the Pilliga scrub, though Queensland and the Northern Territory and into the northwest of Western Australia. (2010). [1] Other common names include Red Almond,[2] Silver Leaf,[2] Leatherjacket, White Leaf, White Myrtle, Sarsaparilla Tree, and Coopers Wood. New South Wales, (eds.) This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hainan, Malesia to Pacific. Habitat —On the margin of warmer rainforest (Subtropical, Dry and Littoral) on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. [3][4] It can be a fodder plant for sheep and cattle, and is a useful pioneer species in bush regeneration. Janka Hardness: 760 lb f (3,360 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity. Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. ]. Alphitonia zizyphoides (toi) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) doidoi, damu doi, selawa (Fiji) navasvas (Vanuatu) toi (Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue) toi, manee (French Polynesia) Lex A. J. fiomson and Randolph R. fiaman In brIef Distribution Widely distributed and moder-ately common in the South Pacific islands. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone [9], "Soap tree" redirects here. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) All rights reserved. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland. Alphitonia excelsa [1] är en brakvedsväxtart som först beskrevs av Edward Fenzl, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av George Bentham. The trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white bark. Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 837(1913). It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. Natural History & Notes A bark and wood decoction was used as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic. Western Australia, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Bean, A.R. [2]Bildgalleri A revision of Alphitonia (Rhamnaceae) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17. acutifolia Braid Ceanothus excelsa Steud. [4] It may be used in amenity planting as a street tree providing shelter. & Hong, D. IBRA Regions: Central Kimberley, Northern Kimberley. and Austromyrtus bidwillii (Benth.) • Alphitonia Excelsa is a small to medium size tree with a branching canopy formation • Reaches a height of 15m and width of 6m • The tree is commonly found in dry sclerophyll forest and rainforests • Favours well drained soils and is highly suitable for erosion control areas New Guinea, It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia),[7] and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Alphitonia excelsa var. It bears small greenish white flowers in late autumn and early winter, followed by globular dark fruit around 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter,[4] which contain two seeds. It prefers sandy soils. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Australia, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 (BRI) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 (Roxb.) It has been isolated from Alphitonia excelsa. A primary coloniser of disturbed areas however also a persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range. Distribution: Australia. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. Taxonomy. Statistics. [8], Trees are quick growing in cultivation. Link to Images on Flickr. ex Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. var. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. [5] The flowers are fragrant in the evening.[3]. Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Introduction Alphitonia Endl. (2007). Average Dried Weight: 45.2 lbs/ft 3 (725 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.62, .72. Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. Alphitonia excelsa – Red Ash A large ornamental tree which naturally has a lovely natural rounded habit, this makes a great shade tree for larger spaces. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. It is often seen performing well on lateritic substrates. Alphitonia excelsa Fruit depressed-globose, 10–15 mm diam. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. widely distributed on the coastal regions from north Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland, to coastal regions of south east New South Wales. This tree reaches a height of 7–25 metres (23–82 ft), by 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) across. Colubrina excelsa Fenzl. [6] Inland forms can be stunted in appearance. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. acutifolia. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. It has also been identified growing in Brigalow scrub in the interior of NSW, in areas such as Narrabri. Flora of China 12: 1-534. Alphitonin is a hydroxyaurone that is aurone substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 2, 4, 6, 3' and 4' respectively. → Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Factsheet - Alphitonia excelsa. Common names. Australia, Queensland Costion 1657 (no voucher) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 6 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash, Soap tree Used to apply leaves to sore eyes. Flora Australiensis Vol. 1:414 (1863) Conservation Code: Priority Two Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia Name Status: Current Distribution. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Modulus of Rupture: 7,980 lb f /in 2 (55.0 MPa)* Genus: Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. Reported at 74 Fraser Coast localities: Aldershot, Antigua, Bauple, Bauple Forest, Beaver Rock, Beelbi Creek, Bidwill, Boompa, Boonooroo Plains, Booral, Brooweena, Burrum Heads, Burrum River, Burrum Town, Cherwell, Craignish, Doongul, Duckinwilla, Dundathu, Dundowran, … © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. ], Govaerts, R. (1995). The Plant List includes a further 8 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Alphitonia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. although Endlicher listed Colubrina excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN Art. Distribution and Ecology. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Small to medium scrubby tree, Alphitonia excelsa is a very useful plant because of its broad applicability. Preferred name: Alphitonia excelsa ; Authority: (Fenzl) Bentham ; Notes. Australia, New Guinea. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. XXXVI Rhamneae (409-445) p.414; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. 1. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis This native tree is commonly known as soap tree. Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa. Name Language; leatherjacket: English (AU) red ash: English (AU) Propose photo. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. It … It's generally found along the coast, on lower tablelands and on slopes with a western aspect. Northern Territory, These are large trees or shrubs. Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System Distribution and Ecology. Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (..3-6 m) trunk diameter. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. Teijsm. Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. is a genus comprising around 15 species, and belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … LEAVES: along the branches; alternate; green on top, silvery … An infusion of the leaves in warm water was used for bathing in cases of headache, and an infusion of the bark, root and wood as rubbed on the body as a liniment for body pains. Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei. Also occurs in Malesia. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions [Cited as Alphitonia zizyphoides. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Distribution — North from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district in New South Wales and into Queensland. It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Janka Hardness: 1,890 lb f (8,400 N) Modulus of Rupture: 19,430 lb f /in 2 (134.0 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,755,000 lb f /in 2 (19.00 GPa) Alphitonia zizyphoides has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. Alphitonia excelsa 4 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Australia, Queensland Kellermann 103 (MEL) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa 5 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. The alternate leaves measure 5–14 cm (2–6 in) in length and 2–5 cm (1–2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. A. excelsa is widely distributed in the Eucalypt forests of the Northern Territory and Queensland and in the coastal regions from northern Queensland to the south coast of NSW, in or near rainforests. Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. In Australia, they are … ; buds and young shoots reddish brown hairy; branchlets prominently ribbed; stipules 1–2 mm long Alphitonia petriei Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. 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2020 alphitonia excelsa distribution