Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. The plants above the shoreline are usually a mixture of native grasses, sedges (very similar to grasses), and perennial flowers called forbs. It’s not only required, but natives are well-adapted to existing site and climate conditions. These runners form roots at their nodes. They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. While it is a technical reference, the Plant Guide contains practical features designed to support shoreline restoration projects. Many people ask why we always suggest native plants for a shoreline garden. All of the credits and the maximum points are summarized in the GSH Credits and Ratings Guide. This low growing perennial plant is ideal when low borders or water views are the goal. . Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. Native plants evolved in Wisconsin and therefore are more likely to survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin. Whether you are working along a lake, stream or Puget Sound, restoring your shoreline provides numerous benefits for wildlife and you. Trees and shrubs for this area tolerate soils that are consistently moist, but are less likely to flood. February 26, 2014. Milkweed grows in swamps, thickets and along wet shorelines and the flowers attract and provide food for butterflies, especially monarchs. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. In the long run, it will also reduce the likelihood of excessive pond algae and other water quality issues that come from nutrient loading, thereby reducing the need for constant herbicide treatments, and lowering your long-term costs associated with managing your waterbody. There are many grass-like aquatic sedges and rushes such as bulrush and soft rush. By Jeff Forester. Experts agree that re-creating cottage shorelines with native vegetation is the best solution for water quality and long-term shoreline stability. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. Page 31 of 51! Well thought-out shoreline plantings can be aesthetically pleasing, used to enhance or frame a view as well as provide season long interest at the water’s edge. They do not like continuous stress resulting from waves and ice. Cotoneaster horizontalis (zones 5 to 7) is another choice from the shrub world that is among the best plants for erosion control. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. All Rights Reserved. Rushes and sedges are great habitat for wading birds and your shoreline will look more natural and attractive, too. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. This booklet highlights the following plants because they are well suited for Missouri ponds, lakes, and wetlands and are easy to obtain and manage. Consequently, locating the OHWM is crucial for putting the right plant in the right place. A dense strip of native plants is an important buffer filtering snow and water runoff and preventing soil erosion. Different plants thrive better in specific situations. The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. More examples of plants can be found at the Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage. Be sure to select only native trees and shrubs for this area. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. For more information, consult . You will find that they only need controlling once per year or less. Sedimentation alters the ecosystem in lakes in ways like: removing or damaging plants that the fish need for food and spawning; bringing pollutants from the shore/soil into the water; and causing the water to … The plant selection can also be tailored to meet the desires of the landowner but the priority should be providing the best root structure for long term success. The deep, robust root systems of these plants bind soils in the area where the majority of erosion is occurring, just below the water surface. Shoreline trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants buffer/protect lakes by acting as a sponge for stormwater runoff. Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. Preventing bluff erosion. location Plant along lake edge. These plants have most or all of their vegetative and flowering parts above the surface of the water or on the shoreline. They include cannas, irises, pickerel rush and other flowering aquatic plants. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. They grow in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often found in standing water. Some of the best plants for bank stabilization are native grass, and other grass varieties like vetch, wheatgrass, or rye. Aquatic plants are used to enhance the beauty of lakes and ponds as well as provide habitat for other forms of aquatic life. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Plants incorporated into the riprap will create a more natural look to the shoreline as well as create habitat for aquatic and terrestrial wildlife. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit www.migarden.msu.edu. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '0a9a5f16-c1d9-4b96-8179-eb77ac033f5a', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, 'c66666b5-b464-490d-a57a-f5087560d3b7', {}); Contact the experts at 888-480-LAKE (5253) for all of your lake, pond and fisheries management needs. Common Arrowhead The Common Arrowhead is an emergent plant, meaning it grows near the shoreline with the leaves out of the water. Learn about lakes online with MSU Extension. Boneset is used as a stimulant, febrifuge and laxative as well as other medicinal uses. Wetland plants established on the shoreline are a preferred method for stabilizing pond banks, and they provide many benefits beyond erosion prevention. SOLitude’s team of aquatic resource management professionals specializes in the development and execution of customized lake, stormwater pond, wetland and fisheries management programs that include water quality testing and restoration, nutrient remediation, algae and aquatic weed control, installation and maintenance of fountains and aeration systems, bathymetry, shoreline erosion restoration, mechanical harvesting and hydro-raking, lake vegetation studies, biological assessments, habitat evaluations, and invasive species management. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. Best of all, it blooms all summer! The best plants to protect your shore - A Case Study. Plants that have local origins are more desirable ecologically than a plant grown from another U.S region even though they may share the same scientific name. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. Adding habitat for birds and butterflies will add to your overall enjoyment of this outdoor living space. The plant has strong roots and can survive through wide variations of the water level and displays an affinity for high levels of phosphates and hard waters. Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. Maintaining dense beneficial vegetation around your lake or pond is extremely important for improving water quality, preventing erosion and controlling nuisance geese. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia) Duck Potato, or arrowhead, is a perennial that grows 1 to 4 feet tall and has large broad leaves shaped like arrows with small white flowers. They have limited wildlife value, so they are resistant to being eaten by waterfowl and other animals. It usually designates the point where plant types switch from being water-dependent plants to terrestrial plants. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! This information is for educational purposes only. We encourage you to have beneficial plants added around your lake or pond if they aren’t already present to help improve water quality, prevent erosion among other important benefits. Water quality has been a major issue here in Southwest Florida and littorals act as a filter marsh to improve water quality. It grows to be 2 to 6 feet high with flowers from June to August. There are several beneficial plants besides the ones we highly recommended here. Between the water level and OHWM. Sedges have triangular stems and grow in shallow water, while rushes have cylindrical stems and grow in clumps. It applies to all types of shorelines in both marine and lake environments—from rocky to sand and gravel shores, estuaries to mudflats, rock cliffs to coastal bluffs. Keep reading to find out the some of the top aquatic plants for your pond! These littoral zones provide a key habitat for wading birds, fish, and other aquatic invertebrate to forage or to find refuge within. Just beware of certain undesirable or invasive plants such as cattails, phragmites, purple loosestrife, alligatorweed and smartweed as many of these have an explosive ability to spread and require extensive effort to manage.Contact your lake and pond management professional to help determine the best plant species for your area and look forward to those beautiful views and welcomed dragonflies, butterflies and waterfowl! Diverting surface runoff away from the bluff (including rain gutter outlets). Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. Shoreline erosion affects both the Great Lakes and inland lakes in Michigan. It poured actually. Mary Wilson, Michigan State University Extension - The underground tuber (duck potato) is preferred by at least 15 species of ducks, including canvasbacks, but many times the tubers are buried too deep for them to reach. Having a healthy ecosystem of shoreline plants plays an important role in improving and maintaining the quality of your lake. Joe Pye Weed and Swamp Milkweed are two perennials that belong along lakeshores. There are actually several reasons. Some do best in full sun, while others do better in partial to full shade. Generally rigid, these plants do not need water for support. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. It grows from 2 to 5 feet in damp sites, especially along streams, and flowers from July to October. The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. Some suggested natives include: Edible serviceberry fruit in early June is similar to blueberries. Most water gardens utilize floating plants, which are rooted in the bottom. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. Canada Anemone(Anemone canadensis) Canada anemone (sometimes called Canadian anemone) is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family and is native to moist meadows, stream banks and lake shores in North America. Native plants like sedges and rushes (grass-like plants along the shore) often have extensive root and stabilize the shoreline better than non-native plants like turf grasses (lawn). If you have property on a waterfront, native trees and shrubs help protect shorelines and provide beauty. They grow in shallow areas and banks of lakes, ponds, rivers, and ditches. When shoreline erosion happens, major problems arise for property owners as well as the lake environment. See more ideas about Plants, Native plants, Shoreline. They are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country. Then go about choosing what plants will serve your needs and aesthetic. SOLitude Lake Management is a proud member of the Rentokil Steritech family of companies in North America. Certain plants are suited to growing conditions below the OHWM and others are suited to growing above the OHWM. Tropical lilies are usually the best flowering plants. The OHWM is the level where the action of water is so common and long lasting that it leaves evidence, or a “mark,” on the landscape. Unlike turf grass, these plants thrive in saturated soils. This plant has slender leaves and deep pink flowers clustered at the top of a tall, branching stem. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. For summer color and interest, Daylilies are hardy and durable for lakeshore settings. Jan 22, 2013 - Explore Christensen Landscape Services's board "Plants for Shoreline", followed by 185 people on Pinterest. This planting area is further away from the high water mark and features drier soils. These buffer strips or ribbons of vegetation catch sediment and other pollution before it reaches the lake. © 2020 SOLitude Lake Management®. soil Wet to moist light Sun to part shade. Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning, Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership Native Plants webpage, Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners. 1. On June 19, 2012 it began to rain in northern Minnesota. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. Their height is anywhere from 2 to 3 feet and they flower from May to August. Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. Smart choices for lakefront landscapes include the following natives: The beautiful fall color of red maple. Along river bluffs, river currents can erode the supporting soil. This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. Photo credit: Mary Wilson, MSU Extension. When choosing native plants for your shoreline you should have a landscape design plan and know the Lake fetch or prevailing wind direction on your lake in relationship to your property. While many people enjoy a white sandy beach along their shoreline, this unfortunately allows nutrients from the yard and surrounding areas to flow directly into the lake. Plants should be chosen which best suits the site to provide the best potential for shoreline stabilization. small lakes and ponds do best with slow-growing, shorter species that grow sparsely. It has creeping underwater rhizomes with heart-shaped leaves and violet-blue spikes extending about the water. It is considered one of the best plants for many ecological reasons including: food for wildlife and oxygen for the pond. Water Primrose: Water primrose is a perennial plant that stands erect along the shoreline but also forms long runners (up to 16 feet) that creep across wet soil or float out across the water surface. Their shallow spreading surface roots hold shoreline soil and reduce erosion. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia). Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. You'll like its horizontal plant form if you're looking for a selection that doesn't get too tall (3 feet) but that spreads and puts out big, tough … SHORELINE TREES AND SHRUBS These deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs are representative of plants that will generally do well in moist or wet soil conditions. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. This clumping plant has several violet-blue flowers with yellow-based sepals that emerge on sturdy stalks among tall sword-like leaves. A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. Trees and shrubs that tolerate consistently moist soil, seasonal flooding and exposure to energy from waves and ice grow well in the area between the water level and ordinary high water mark. It grows in damp sites, especially along streams. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. Most are native to Wisconsin. The Novi Cottage and Lakefront Living Show on Feb. 27-March 2; the West Michigan Home and Garden Show on March 6-9; and the Lansing Home and Garden Show on March 13-16 will host a variety of free seminars, informational booths and be the site to “ask the experts” from MSU Extension about your gardening questions. Sandpipers, cardinals and juncos eat the seeds. You will also probably find that these plants will reduce problems with more aggressive and invasive aquatic plants. For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. Another plant that not only looks pretty, but attracts butterflies and even hummingbirds with its nectar supply is the cardinal flower. These plants can be expected to spread, but are not aggressive. A shoreline project is assessed against a series of credits for which a homeowner or builder can achieve points. This group is also referred to as shoreline and wetland plants. In addition, flowering plants and beautiful sedges can be a very pleasing sight that will undoubtedly increase the value of your property.Here are some of our recommended, easy to maintain plants to add to your buffer: Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)Pickerelweed is a swallow freshwater aquatic plant that grows three to four feet tall, but typically you only see one to two feet since about half of the plant is underground. The removal of natural vegetation usually leads to landscape and shoreline erosion because bare soil can be displaced much more easily than soil that’s held in place by strong root systems. It grows in wet sites or shallow water along lake and stream margins, marshes and swamps. Upland. Also, for a great primer on the topic of natural shoreline landscapes, obtain a copy of “Natural Shoreline Landscapes on Michigan’s Inland Lakes: Guidebook for Property Owners” (MSU Extension bulletin #E3145) available from the MSU Extension Bookstore. Examples from Big Sandy Lake and Crow Wing county. A guide to the tried and true workhorse native plants for shoreline restoration and protection. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. This plant has many brilliant red, tubular flowers in an elongated cluster on an erect stalk. There are numerous native trees and shrubs that can be incorporated into a design in this landscape area. aquatic resource management professionals. Photo credit: Mary Ellen Harte, Bugood.org. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. SOLitude Lake Management is a nationwide environmental firm committed to providing sustainable solutions that improve water quality, enhance beauty, preserve natural resources and reduce our environmental footprint. Our experts weighed in to identify the six most common shoreline environments and the plants that work best for each: Sandy, dry soil: Bush honeysuckle (native), Common or Creeping Juniper, Smooth Wild Rose, Shadblow Serviceberry, Common Spicebush, White Pine, Snowberry, Fragrant Sumac These plants are best adapted for providing the root structure needed to stabilize a shoreline and are also adapted to the site and climatic conditions in their natural habitats. Services and educational resources are available to clients nationwide, including homeowners associations, multi-family and apartment communities, golf courses, commercial developments, ranches, private landowners, reservoirs, recreational and public lakes, municipalities, drinking water authorities, parks, and state and federal agencies. Landscape plans and plant selection ideal for wet conditions, such as shorelines, are covered in the plant topics portion of this site. Above the OHWM. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. Over ten inches fell on ground that was already saturated from rainfalls the week before. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. Examples of these plants are tropical water lilies, hardy water lilies, watershields and lotus. 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