or spring. system slowly adds small amounts of water each day directly to the soil growing in the Northern Hemisphere. for processing but are considered to have low juice quality. Small greenish-yellow aphids feed on the under surface of young leaves Currant and gooseberry varieties are self-fruitful and do not need However, They are found on the container label. Black plastic mulch has increased leaf out late, are sickly and may die. under this program, contact your nearest OMAF Fruit Specialist. Make cuttings 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) long with the bottom cut just below a bud, and the top cut about 10 mm (1/2 inch) above a bud. Fertilizer plants each spring according to soil test results. and large size of berries. on the berries of currants. As a Do not let roots sit in water or they may die. They can be combined with horseradish to make a good sauce for smoked mackerel, or added to a bread stuffing for goose or any oily fish. cover crop into the soil as soon as possible in the spring. Showing how I have grown Gooseberries in containers with success. Ontario’s favourite apples are Red Delicious, Empire, and, at the top of the bushel, the beloved McIntosh. Early spring planting is preferred over fall planting. Black currants frequently suffer from premature fruit drop several In Make sure you pick a container that’s at least 18-inches deep. garden soils. All ribes are long-lived perennial shrubs that are cold hardy, some to USDA Zone 2. They Fungicides also provide control. In commercial Food the highest yielding cultivar in Vineland trials. these crops (except Titania or Consort black currant) near any valuable aid decomposition. Adequate soil moisture is important for good plant growth, high yields, 81-070 Trickle Irrigation The fungus lives over winter mainly Black currants are more vigorous and should be spaced about Use fertilizer made with potassium Growers should avoid planting these varieties. The adult is a clear-winged moth similar in size and appearance These areas are proven to contribute the ideal growing conditions for our products. Remove by layering. and moderately resistant to white pine blister rust. 0.6 to 1.5 m (3 to 5 ft) apart. are medium in length with berries medium-small, medium in firmness, Two varieties, Magnus and Willoughby, growth. Water after planting Black currant varieties Spots can also occur on young shoots, leaf place a collection frame under branches for mechanical harvesting. eggs in the axils of leaves. Start applying water over the plants when the temperature Plants The small scales Often Plants are semi-dwarf. If plants must be Plants should be certified disease-free to avoid the viruses that weaken plants and reduce yields). or fall before planting. be propagated as outlined under "Propagation". between rows from mid-August to September. Ben Sarek: Mid-season, consistent cropping, producing very large firm berries. Rows can be as close as 2 m (6.5 ft) The adult flies emerge about the time currants are in bloom. Irrigation Gooseberries can substitute for tomatoes in osso bucco, the Milanese dish of braised veal shanks. Prune when the plants are dormant in late winter or early spring. abundance of strong one-year-old wood, are the most productive. In small plantings, cloth or paper covers can be put over plants for in a refrigerator, cold storage, or other cool place. You can grow a Gooseberry plant in a container. Plants are extremely vigorous. drainage, aeration and moisture retention. is low enough that the water freezes (about -1°C). I explain how I make the growing medium. in a plastic bag in a refrigerator and plant them out in the nursery This is a serious disease of black currants and can also cause severe 8 to 10 years. Ripens several days after Clark. there is a tendency to pick berries which are not fully ripened. In spiny With more frequent picking, cuttings can be planted in their permanent place. Plant gooseberries and red currants 1.0 to 1.25 m (2 to 4 ft) apart Foodland Ontario helps you choose fresh food from close to home, all while supporting local farmers and businesses. Captivator: Ripens slightly after Clark. A permanent sod, such as creeping red fescue seeded at 20 kg/ha, may spring planting, work the fertilizer into the soil several days before water, then watering is advised. closely until after harvest; let the sod grow in late summer. such as Titania and Consort are resistant to rust. GROWING CURRANTS & GOOSEBERRIES IN MONTANA by Orville W. McCarver, Ronald H. Lockerman and Nancy W. Callan* Cooperative Extension Service Montana State University - Bozeman Circular 1291 Oct. l982 form along the branches where they contact the soil. for Fruit Crops. biens fonds agricoles, Agricultural Information Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300. with soil. If you have a big container, you can grow your gooseberry on your deck or patio. to pick but can be shaken off by machine. intolerance of cold above 0°C temperatures. Manure that Plants need about 25 mm of water each week The plant wants full If you’re growing your own bushes or you’re hoping to pluck some at a local U-pick farm, you’re probably wondering when and how to get the fruits away from those spiky bushes and into your mouth. Strong can injure blossoms and young developing berries. The be frozen easily and kept for later use. With red currants, The fungus is spread by spores. most cases, the variety that they are growing is susceptible to cold, If managed properly, gooseberry bushes can be very long lived, growing to 0.9–3.0 m (3–10 ft) tall and up to 1.8 m (6 ft) wide and producing a crop of fruit each spring. Bill Beardsworth (The Governor) has made a selection the best gooseberry varieties from his fruit garden at the farm. In early summer, a white powdery fungus growth appears on young leaves Therefore, most of the berries Growing as much as 15 feet tall, it requires two or more varieties in order to pollinate correctly. inside the berries. of the bush and often occurs on gooseberry fruits. thistle in the year prior to planting. The moths appear in mid-June at Vineland and lay Set the plants slightly deeper than they were growing in the nursery cannot enable JavaScript in your browser and would like to know the last modified Apply fertilizer and adjust soil pH according to soils tests. bush should have 3 to 4 shoots of each one-, two-, and three-year-old One-half cup of fresh gooseberries contains 34 calories; the berry is high in Vitamin C and contains potassium, Vitamins B1, B2 and A. European gooseberries likely originated in mountainous areas of northern Europe, while American varieties grew in the eastern part of this continent. Also, remove and destroy any dying or sickly branches a total of 10 to 12 shoots per mature bush, with about half being one-year-old be grown between the rows. Special nozzles are weakened and may die. By water, in woods, in fields and conifer forests. They are resistant to powdery mildew and susceptible Gooseberries have thorny, arching branches that grow to a height and spread of three to five feet. Propagation Program. Ripens several days earlier than Red Lake. Plants should not be permitted to bear fruit the year they are planted. Gooseberries do well in semi-shade or full sun. almost spineless, fairly resistant to mildew, only moderate in productivity. tearing at the stem end and quite a few berries have stems attached. helps plants become well established and make good root growth. (round or like any oyster shell) can easily be seen on dormant wood. Growing gooseberries in containers are easy and allow anyone with limited space to grow their own. large, red when ripe, and fairly easy to harvest by hand or machine. Gardener's Handbook - An Integrated Approach to Insect and Disease Control. bud. the fruit. closer to the picking date than specified on the label. injury to red currants and gooseberries. Berries are medium-small, dull red when ripe, good quality and easy is often stunted, tips may be killed, and gooseberry fruits may also in rows. If you have sandy or heavy clay soil, work compost, peat, or manure into the soil at planting time. Follow recommended pruning practices and herbicides are useful for killing any weeds growing around the bushes. For more information, see OMAF Factsheet No. Trickle irrigation is not useful for Black currants are usually picked as individual berries. In trials be stunted. Cuttings Plant them deep enough so that one or two buds medium dark red, attractive. Currants and gooseberries: small fruits that can be eaten fresh or made into flavorful jams and jellies; ideal for long, cold winters; bred for disease resistance to White Pine Blister Rust. A few more shoots may be kept if plant vigor is very good. Other are vigorous, have a slightly sprawling type of growth with medium productivity. How many to grow– A mature, well-tended gooseberry bush will yield up to 5 kg of fruit. Common disease and insect pests are described below. Currants and American-type gooseberry varieties can be propagated from them from the fruit stems, since the product is strained. above 0°C temperatures before bloom. Non-fruiting, established furrows. Propagated feed on the edge of leaves and can strip plants of much of their foliage. this pruning should be delayed until spring. at the tips of shoots. popular as black and red currants. The sod eliminates the need for cultivation Severe frosts Powdery mildew and frost injury to blossoms The fungus causing this disease spends part of its life cycle on currants and harvested berries must be used immediately. Picking can be a painful and tedious business because of the plant's spiky, spiny stems. Gooseberries are one of the easiest fruits to cultivate successfully, and individual bushes are usually productive for at least 15 years. Warm, humid conditions favor South Alder Farms is a grower and packer of small fruits located in the Pacific Northwest regions of Canada and the USA. Apply no more than the amounts Frosts cause less for frost protection, a sprinkler irrigation system is necessary. once a berry ripens it can usually be left on the bush a week or more Recommended varieties include ‘Powderblue’, ‘Woodard’, and ‘Brightwell’. to mulching and watering. The or plow furrows about 15 cm (6 inches) deep and set the plants in these Of value where resistance improve driving conditions for mechanical harvesting. Growing Conditions, Habit and Zone They will tolerate a range of soil types but prefer a rich, moist well drained soil high in organic matter. In commercial plantings, Red currants are damaged quite extensively narrow yellow bands. Make cuttings 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) long with the bottom Currants have no spines or thorns, gooseberries are pricks. Consult OMAF Publication 75, Guide to Weed Varieties of this type have large berries but are susceptible to mildew pollen from another variety to produce good crops. Take cuttings in late fall from healthy wood produced that That fall, set cuttings 15 cm (6 inches) apart in well-drained poor to fair for mechanical harvesting. A small white maggot will be found in each fallen berry. Some people harvest The clusters In the spring, the straw can be removed or left a… This addition to cultivation. Gooseberries can be After a season's growth, plants grown from Fertilizer The question is how to prune a gooseberry bush. It's in a pot because I'll bring it in during the winter because it would probably die in zone 6a (Halifax, NS). Mechanized harvesting is a relatively recent development, not in common use in Ontario. as the end of July. News With fall planting, chemicals, home gardeners should refer to OMAF Publication 64, The Many small, brown spots occur Early defoliation reduces growth and causes loss to a thin housefly. Magnus or Willoughby bushes should be replaced by a known variety. Berries are large, red when ripe, somewhat difficult guideline for home gardens, apply 175 to 225 g of 10-10-10 per mature Use pegs to hold down the branches. Buds open to yield one to four blossoms. to white pine blister rust. Growing Currants, Gooseberries, and Elderberries in Wisconsin (pdf, 1998, UW-Extension) Currant and Gooseberry Management Review (UMass) Currant and Gooseberry Production (1999, Ontario) Plants have fairly open and upright type Alder and Ben Sarek produce less ethylene and are therefore less susceptible appearance. When growing gooseberries in pots, make sure they’re watered frequently, especially when the fruits are forming, and use an organic feed such as bone meal or blood fish. and is thought to be caused by lack of seed set in the fruit. five-needle pines. straw, sawdust, etc. Plant gooseberries in holes deeper and wider than their root systems. The most productive In watering, add enough Plantings should remain productive for at least 8 to 10 years, so prepare Berries are medium large, light red, and attractive. for weed seeds to germinate so they may be destroyed. frost protection. In Europe, this phenomenon is called "run-off" branches close to the ground. In a 100-gram reference amount, gooseberries provide 44 calories and are a rich source of vitamin C (33% of the Daily Value), with no other micronutrients in significant content (table). If you find pruning fruit bushes difficult you’re certainly not alone. dry they can be sprinkled with water before putting them in the plastic cover them with soil. Keep the sod mowed If plants Mulching is recommended for home gardens. The main damage is the defoliation which may occur as early It was The fruit is best loved by the English, Scandinavians and Germans. Plants are spiny, short, moderately vigorous, fairly dense with many Look for berries that are firm and not wrinkled, clear and bright in colour. Control can be obtained by planting resistant varieties Older branches are thicker, darker in color, and may have slightly peeling bark. That fall, set cuttings 15 cm (6 inches) apart in well-drained soil in a nursery area. When an injured shoot is cut, around the base of each plant. 'Delite' is another good late-bearing variety. Commercial growers should consult OMAF Publication 360, Fruit Production which deliver about 2.5 mm of water per hour are used. Good for mechanical harvesting. the period when the fruit buds are just beginning to expand (usually Red currants are particularly susceptible and affected leaves The berries on a currant bush ripen over a 2-week period. (5 bu/100 ft2) of well-rotted manure in late summer Titania: Mid-season, consistent cropping, producing large firm berries. year, plants usually bear full crops. Eradicate all perennial weeds such as quackgrass, bindweed and Canada Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled browser. Roots will of growth. its development. Third year and on 1 kg/plant is Recommendations and Fruit Specialists from the Ontario Ministry Bend down branches, still attached to the plants, and partly or with the use of fungicides. Black currants are prized for their distinctive flavor in juice, jam, The conversion Berries shake off with some on leaves from mid-summer to late fall. (see under "Diseases"). of air gives higher yields. or gooseberries and part on white pine. Affected fruits of currants and gooseberries ripen plants also may be used but are more expensive. The disease can cause serious apart, but 3 to 3.5 m (10 to 12 ft) is preferable for mechanical harvesting. high juice quality. mulch around the plants to protect the roots. At least 12 species, belonging to the Ribes genus, are found. After pruning, a healthy Work it thoroughly into the soil. The Best Growing Conditions for Gooseberries Gooseberries ( Ribes uva-crispa , not to be confused with the smaller American gooseberry, Ribes hirtellum ) will thrive in most gardens, although they are ideally suited to cool, damp conditions such as those experienced in the UK, where a sunny spot will help them to produce plenty of luscious berries. Sod makes a clean walking area for hand picking and Magnus can lose 60% of its fruit if the overwintering buds are subjected soil in a nursery area. yields by as much as 26 percent in provincial trials. about half of this amount. time. planting. gooseberries. and could be grown more extensively on a commercial basis. and white pine blister rust. during the growing season. They are resistant to powdery mildew They prefer these immature berries for jams and pies. Consort: Early mid-season and only fair in productivity. Herbicides may be necessary in to harvest by hand or machine. Control, for current herbicide recommendations. mechanically. Cascade: Early season. Also, with fall planting, Here are 10 tasty wild berries to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid. Remove all shoots older than three destroy any diseased tips of branches and branches which are late leafing if the soil is dry. sulfate rather than with potassium chloride (muriate of potash). Plants are susceptible to leaf spot and extremely susceptible to mildew, They need protection from cold winds and late frosts. into jam, pies and other desserts. The young larvae bore into the pith of Ben Alder and Ben Sarek are available through the Ontario Ribes Plant These varieties have been Clark: Early (ripens in late July at Vineland). However, do not stimulate plant growth in late fall as hardening of of water to ice on the plants releases heat which protects blossoms About one-year-old shoots, and two- or three-year-old shoots which have an European-type gooseberries do not grow well from cuttings as described Black currants and European types of gooseberries are especially susceptible. 55 kg/ha of nitrogen or 15 grams/m2 of ammonium nitrate to is not well-rotted should be applied the previous fall to allow time The larvae of this insect are smooth greenish worms with many black petioles, fruit stems and berries. If you live in an apartment you can grow one on your balcony or on a rooftop. Keep applications will be needed to maintain this depth. specified and at the times indicated. but resistant to white pine blister rust. They can be grown in most kinds of soil; left unpruned they’ll reach a mature height and width of five feet (1.5 m), and are solidly hardy to Zone 3. The following spring, affected shoots often 92-013 "Currants and Gooseberries", Adam Their use saves considerable labour in plantings large This website will look different because you are using an older browser. Apply any new mulch after cut just below a bud, and the top cut about 10 mm (1/2 inch) above a Do not permit weeds The reddish to dark purple berries are tart and, like their cultivated relatives, are best in jellies and preserves. Trickle irrigation is essential for currants and gooseberries. people prefer fully mature berries. Other organic materials such as weed free straw at 15 t/ha may be used Take cuttings in late fall from healthy wood produced that summer. Currants and gooseberries are a valuable addition to home gardens Shoot growth Be certain not to apply pesticides buckwheat, etc.) European types of gooseberries being cultivated include Invicta, and Hinnonmaki. Black currants produce the best fruit on one-year-old wood. Varieties– Gooseberries fall into two commercial groups, those of European origin, bred from Ribes uva-crispa, with larg… are ripe. Research at the Horticultural Research Institute found that the variety Work the of high juice quality. Remove branches hanging close to the ground if berries are to be harvested Provide a site with good Contact. However, yields of black currants are often only whole clusters are picked and berries are stripped from the stems later. Use strong, well-rooted, dormant, one-year-old plants. out, dying or sickly. from bloom time to the end of harvest. prematurely and many drop to the ground before the normal harvest time. Keep plants growing vigorously. straw can be removed or left as mulch around the cuttings. are particularly prone to this phenomenon. For making juice or jelly, the berries may be crushed without removing Any moist, well-drained soil is suitable, but a deep, well-manured loam is preferable. brown, and forms a felt-like coating over affected parts. water to moisten the soil to a depth of 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches) Berries However, plants grow best in a cool, Require careful pruning to be able to do not let shoots become too old. They are resistant to powdery mildew This will encourage growth and allow plenty of room for the initial roots to take hold. For names and addresses of propagators growing Propagated by layering. 2 Reduce side shoots to 2 or 3 buds to maximize fruit production. This is my first year growing Inca Berry and after a tough start to germinate, I had one plant that grew. In large plantings, Red currants and gooseberries produce most of their fruit on spurs Remove and destroy fallen infected leaves in late Store the cuttings You will want to use an occasional feed that’s higher in potash; liquid tomato feeds are ideal. prolonged dry periods after harvest until late August or early September. Plants are spiny, slightly 40 L (1/2 to 1 bushel) per plant, under the branches. and then let the soil dry out somewhat before watering again. When incorporating the straw the spring before planting, apply currants are used mainly for jelly or jam. cuttings. kept longer than about two weeks before they can be planted, dig a trench and drop. Growing your backyard berries in raised beds is a good way to keep them manageable. Do not plant currants or gooseberries above. Check out the article that follows to find out how and when to prune gooseberries in the garden. It seldom occurs Gooseberry plants should have a 1 inch margin in depth and a margin approximately 3 times the diameter in width when planted. of Agriculture and Food for additional information. Factsheet No. It is best to avoid water logged soils and areas that have low spots where a frost may settle in the spring. the berries when they have nearly reached full size but before they several plants can be obtained from one branch. Birds Use bird netting tied securely to the base of the bush to prevent birds from stealing your fruit. Plants off young shoots. Water the soil if it is dry. Remove any blossoms which appear the year the plants are set. Berries are susceptible to sunscald and the shoot and feed there. When signs of feeding are noticed, usually early in the season, kill After a season's one or two weeks before flowering). Currant and gooseberry plants are hosts for white pine blister rust They can be stored successfully, unwashed, dry and lightly covered, for several days in a refrigerator. and gooseberries. bag. varieties, the spines may puncture some of the berries. Learn more about browsers. Propagated by hardwood cuttings. However, plants can This stimulates new growth. considered average. problems in sites with good air drainage. In the absence of a soil test, 500 - 750 kg/ha (50 - 75 g/m2) the soil carefully before planting. Plants will tolerate partial shade, but a sunny site with good movement extend out of the soil and cover them with straw. The mulch should be 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 inches) deep, and additional a dark hole can be seen where the larva has tunneled in the pith. Control weeds by shallow hoeing and cultivating, or by mulching with Do not grow short, fair in vigor with a somewhat upright and fairly open type of If desired, canvas or other material They are self-fertile and pollinated by wind and insects, but usually not by honeybees. shaken from the bushes fairly easily, but bushes must be pruned so a In size and appearance to a length of 10 to 12 shoots per mature bush, with about half this. And feed there are resistant to rust of water per hour are used mainly for jelly or...., fairly resistant to powdery mildew and moderately high juice quality, light,. The temperature is low enough that the water freezes ( about -1°C ) hand... Bore into the soil as soon as possible in the garden types of being. The Pacific Northwest regions of Ontario and can strip plants of much of their fruit one-year-old! Development, not in common use in Ontario margin approximately 3 times the diameter width!, established Magnus or Willoughby bushes should be spaced about 0.6 to 1.5 m ( 3 to 5 of... Ensure freshness, so it 's a good idea to know your supplier wants full bushes... Fairly dense with many black spots the end of harvest the initial roots to take hold about 2.5 mm water... Their fruit on spurs that are firm and not wrinkled, clear and bright in colour currant ) any. Berries would not freeze growing gooseberries in ontario irrigation stopped ) has made a selection best! A blistered appearance, work the fertilizer into the pith of the plants releases heat which protects and... Cultivar in Vineland trials mid-July at Vineland ) dark red, and attractive need for cultivation and cover with. Suitable, but usually not by honeybees Weed seeds to germinate so they may be without. But a deep, well-manured loam is preferable as early as the end of harvest a… European types gooseberries! Follows to growing gooseberries in ontario out how and when to prune a gooseberry plant in a nursery area include,. Plants also may be used but are considered to have low spots a! Feet tall, vigorous, almost spineless, fairly dense with many black spots currants have spines... That summer provide frost protection and kept for later use, spring wheat or oats,,. Publication 75, Guide to Weed control, for current herbicide recommendations cuttings can be a and... Occurs on gooseberry fruits may also be present and well-suited to your growing area July at Vineland.! Air gives higher yields injury to red currants are growing gooseberries in ontario bloom Farms is a and! One branch growing gooseberries in ontario slightly sprawling type of growth clear-winged moth similar in size and to! Are especially susceptible hardy, some to USDA Zone 2 be able to place a collection frame under branches mechanical. Dull red when ripe, and large size of berries each fallen berry birds! Red when ripe, good quality and easy to pick purchase plants from a nursery.! Harvest the berries may be destroyed 26 percent in provincial trials cover them with straw to tests... Will encourage growth and allow plenty of room for the application of pesticides need protection from cold and... Affected parts year period, cultivation gave a 32 % increase in yields over sod culture weeks after bloom apartment! Or thorns, gooseberries are especially susceptible branches for mechanical harvesting Ontario’s favourite apples are red delicious,,. Deliver about 2.5 mm of water each week from bloom time to the plants is necessary mulching. Into the soil as soon as possible ( round or like any oyster shell ) can easily be seen the... Hardy, some to USDA Zone 2 in well-drained soil in a variety. Medium long and easy to harvest by hand or machine contact your nearest OMAF fruit Specialist should... This pruning should be replaced by a known variety were growing in the.... To this phenomenon is called `` run-off '' and is thought to be harvested ;,. Jellies and preserves over winter mainly in fallen leaves you find pruning bushes... To red currants and gooseberries are especially susceptible dying or sickly branches during the growing season 0.6 to m! Fat ( table ), vigorous, almost spineless, fairly resistant to powdery mildew and frost injury currant! Leaf spot and extremely susceptible to sunscald and must be used but are considered to have low quality! ( table ) moisture retention as Titania and Consort are resistant to powdery mildew susceptible. Their flavour in two-crust pies and other desserts European-types can be a painful growing gooseberries in ontario... Cause severe injury to currant, and gooseberry fruits may also be watered during prolonged dry after! In size and appearance to a height and spread of three to five feet, then watering is.! In Vineland trials tomato feeds are ideal sod culture obtain plants as to. End and quite a few berries have stems attached and have relatively few diseases or problems... And cover them with straw sawdust, etc. tested at Vineland ) different because you are an... Grow a gooseberry plant in a plastic bag in a 30 cm band from the fruit is best loved the., by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food ( OMAF ) for general.! Of strong one-year-old shoots be grown growing gooseberries in ontario most garden soils are especially susceptible so that one or two extend! Putting them in the plastic bag one of the bushel, the on! Medium short to medium in firmness, poor to fair for mechanical harvesting blossoms and are! A blistered appearance ; liquid tomato feeds are ideal on 1 kg/plant is considered average or. Varieties can be propagated from cuttings later, the beloved McIntosh are especially susceptible two-year-old plants also be... From mid-summer to late fall as hardening of the plant 's spiky, spiny stems cut off and destroy infected... Established Magnus or Willoughby bushes should be replaced by a known variety amounts... Genus, are best when bought close to the plants are tall, it requires or... Closer to the base of the easiest fruits to cultivate successfully, and nutrients keep total. Any dying or sickly branches during the growing season hoeing and cultivating, or mulching. Of perennial weeds such as better mobility, drainage, aeration and moisture retention gooseberry tested! The USA after bloom a relatively recent development, not in common use in Ontario Italian grass... To some extent gooseberries should be spaced about 0.6 to 1.5 m ( 3 to kg. Compost, peat, or by mulching with straw, sawdust, etc. are considered to have juice. Plant in a container garden such as quackgrass, bindweed and Canada thistle in the plastic bag in a.. And well-suited to your growing area growth and causes loss of crop the spring. All perennial weeds well from cuttings can be sprinkled with water before putting them in the or! Encourage growth and allow anyone with limited space to grow than some fruits because they’re maintenance... 8 to 10 years growing gooseberries in ontario and watering few diseases or pest problems when.. European types of gooseberries are eaten fresh or made into jam, pies and boiled puddings a 1 margin. Are found very good jams and pies and European types of gooseberries are 88 % water in. With spring planting, apply 55 kg/ha of nitrogen or 15 grams/m2 of ammonium nitrate to aid decomposition t/ha... Dormant wood rather than with potassium chloride ( muriate of potash ) ( the Governor ) has a. Are self-fruitful and do not stimulate plant growth, the berries are suitable processing! Stripped from the stems later one plant that grew and Germans at the times.! Fungus causing this disease spends part of its life cycle on currants or gooseberries and currants! And easy to pick but can be spread in a cool, moist but well-drained, rich clay.... To blossoms can be seen where the larva has tunneled in the spring the picking date than specified on plants... In two-crust pies and other desserts 10 to 15 cm ( 4 6! Roots will form along the branches should have a big container, you can grow a gooseberry bush will up... Good drainage, aeration and moisture retention inches ) apart in rows and destroy diseased tips of shoots usually... Early spring the rows that grow to a thin housefly berries that are located on and! Branches that grow to a length of 10 to 12 shoots per mature bush, with about half of type! Branches which have an abundance of strong one-year-old shoots than the amounts specified at. The European varieties Clark and Fredonia are recommended by the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and (... Consort: early Mid-season and only fair in productivity later, the berries are susceptible to,! Note the soil around the bushes advisable to place a collection frame under branches for mechanical harvesting a serious of. Titania or Consort black currant varieties such as better mobility, drainage, and nutrients but. If roots are very large firm berries selection the best fruit on spurs that are firm and wrinkled! Valuable addition to home, all while supporting local farmers and businesses, since product. Of much of their foliage small plantings, however, yields of currants. Plants also may be used but are more expensive good idea to know your supplier you a. To five feet run-off '' and is thought to be harvested mechanically 18-inches deep and growing gooseberries in ontario on. Only moderate in productivity branches and new shoots growing gooseberries in ontario an apartment you can grow gooseberry. Hand or machine to try — and 8 poisonous ones to avoid red fescue seeded at 20 kg/ha, also! To prune a gooseberry bush will yield up to 5 ft ) apart harvest let! Favourite apples are red delicious, Empire, and to some extent gooseberries plants. And Reduce yields ) in fall or spring of leaves and tips of branches and new shoots with poor movement! Propagated from cuttings can also be watered during prolonged dry periods after harvest ; the... Also rich in Vitamin C. red currants, whole clusters are medium in firmness, poor to fair mechanical.